Dyslexia is a neurologically based, often familial disorder, which interferes with the acquisition and processing of language.  Varying in degree of severity, it is manifested by difficulties in receptive and expressive language, including phonological processing, reading, writing, spelling, handwriting and sometimes arithmetic.  Dyslexia is not due to lack of motivation or a result of sensory impairment, inadequate instruction or environmental opportunities, or other limiting conditions, but may occur together with these conditions.
Although dyslexia is life long, individuals with dyslexia frequently respond successfully to timely and appropriate intervention.  Emotional disturbances and behavior difficulties are often secondary results.  Some of the characteristics that may accompany dyslexia are:
  • Lack of awareness of sounds in words - sound order, rhymes or sequence of syllables
  • Difficulty decoding words - single word identification
  • Problems with reading comprehension
  • Transposing numbers and letters in words when read or written (e.g. b-d, sing-sign, left-felt, soiled-solid, 12-21)
  • Difficulty in expressing thoughts verbally
Persons with dyslexia can learn, BUT they must be taught in a manner appropriate to their particular strengths and weaknesses.
(Source: International Dyslexia Association)